Know more about folic Acid

Folic Acid

Folic acid is the artificial types  of folate, that  naturally occurring B complex Folate it  helps to make DNA and other genetic material. It is especially important in prenatal health.

Folate also can be  called  vitamin B-9,(complex B) in some cases is a B vitamin that naturally occurs in certain foods. Folic acid is the type  of folate that producers add to vitamin supplements and fortified foods.
This article explores the functions of folic acid in the body, some sources, the prescribed intakes, and the effects of essential.

What are the purposes of folic acid ?

Share on PinterestFolic acid may reduce the risk of unprepared birth.

Folate is important for a level of functions in the body.
It helps the body make healthy new red blood cells, for instance. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. If the body do not take enough of these, the person can develop anemia, leading to fatigue, drowseness, weakness, and a pale complexion.
Without enough folate, a person can also develop a type of anemia called folate essential anemia.
Folate is also important for the formation and repair of DNA and other genetic substance, and it is needful for cells to share.
It is Especially relevant to get enough folate during pregnancy. Folate deficiency during pregnancy can lead to nevers tube not in uniformity, such as birth defect and anencephaly (lethal birth defect).
Because of its relevance for health, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)require producers to add folic acid to add nutrients to bread, pasta, cereals, and other grain products in the United States and other countries. Since they introduced this, the number of babies born with neural tube irregularities have reduced.
The aforementioned list looks at some conditions that folic acid supplements could have an influence on:

Neural tube irregularities

To use folic acids supplements before and during pregnancy will help stop neural tube irregularities in the fetus.
It may also reduce the risks of preterminal birth, heart not regular, and cleft tastee, among other things.
The Office of Dietary Supplements say that all women who could soon become pregnant should take 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid daily  from supplements or fortified foods alongside the folate they get from their regular diet.


People with lower levels of folate may be more likely to experience depression. However, taking folic acid supplements could make depression medications more effective.


During research suggesting that taking-in folic acid before and during early pregnancy can reduce the chance that the baby would have autism. Nevertheless,

the study results are not the end, and many researches would be needed to figure out the energy role of folic acid.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Doctors might use folic acid to support a methotrexate prescription for rheumatoid arthritis.
Methotrexate is a powerful medication towards  this condition, but it might remove folate from the body, causing gastrointestinal and acidic  symptoms. Studies suggesting that taking-in folic acid supplements would decrease these side effects by around 79%.

Who should take folic acid?

Many individuals  consume  sufficient folate from their diet, and folate inadequacy is scarce or uncommon in the United States and other countries.
Having said that, Authorised steps prescribed  that all pregnant women and women who would become pregnant take folic acids.
This is because folic acid is essential for early fetus growth. The spinal cord is one of the first parts of the body to form, and folate deficiency can lead to spinal cord irregularities.

Prescribe dosage

The Office on Women’s Health recommend that women who are or would become pregnant take 400-800 mcg of folic acid per day, and that people with spina bifida or a family history of neural tube irregularities takes 4,000 mcg per day. Those who are breastfeeding should aim to take around 500mcg per day.
The body absorbs folic acid from supplements and fortified foods better than the folate from naturally occurring foods.
The Office of Dietary Supplementsrecommend that people get the Aforementioned dietary folate equivalents (DFEs) from food or vitamin sources:

AgeRecommended amount 0-6 months65 mcg DFE7-12 months80 mcg DFE-13 years150 mcg DFE4-8 years200 mcg DFE9-13 years300 mcg DFE14-18 years400 mcg DFE19+ years400 mcg DFE

It is relevant  to know  that folic acid could interact with certain medications and may not be safe for everybody  to take.
An individual should speak to a doctor  or a health practioned person before taking folic acids if they have any of the following:

  • epilepsy
  • type 2 diabetes
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • lupus
  • inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • celiac disease

Individual  undergoing kidney dialysis might also wish to avoid taking folic acid.

Sources of folic acid

Folic acids is available  in dietary supplements and fortified foods, including breads, flours, cereals, and grains. It is also a simple addition to B-complex vitamins.
Many foods are naturally high in folate. The best sources include:

boiled spinachb, lack-eyed peas,asparagus, Brussels sprouts, lettuce, avocado, broccoli, mustard greens, green peas, kidney beans, canned tomato juice, Dungeness crab, orange juice, dry-roasted peanuts, fresh orange and grapefruit, papaya, and banana etc.

Folate inadquancy

Folate inadequacy occurs when there is not enough folate present in the body. This can lead to a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia.
During pregnancy, folate deficiency increases the risk of congenital irregularities.
Some symptoms of folate inadquancy include:

  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • Drowseness
  • trouble concentrating
  • headaches
  • irritability
  • heart palpitations
  • sores on the tongue and inside the mouth
  • a change in color of the skin, hair, or fingernails
  • irritability, headache, heart palpitations, and shortness of breath

Some groups at increased risk of folate deficiency include:

  • people with alcohol use disorder
  • pregnant women
  • people of child bearing age
  • people with conditions that affect nutrient absorption, including IBD and celiac disease
  • people with MTHFR polymorphism
  • Positive and negative result of folic acid

There are no serious postive and negative result  with taking too much folic acid. In very scarce cases, people may report an distressed stomach.
If a person takes more folate than necessary, there is no cause for concern. Folic acids is water soluble, so any excess will naturally pass through the urinary organ.

Conclusion on folic acids

Folic acids is the artificial type of folate, an important B vitamin. Most people get enough folate from their diet, but persons at risk of inadquancy and women who may become pregnant might need to take folic acid supplements frequently.