Anticholinergics are those medications that prevent the action of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter, or a chemical distributor. It transfers connections among cells to affect how your body functions.
Anticholinergics can treat a various of conditions, includes:
- urinary incontinence
- overactive bladder (OAB)
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
Possible types of poisoning
They help prevent involuntary muscle movements related with some undoubting diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. Many atimes, they will make use of it before surgery to help keep up the body functions while an individual is been treated with anesthesia.
a list of anticholinergic drugs
information about how they work
what you should know about their risks and side effects
List of anticholinergics
Anticholinergics are only support with a doctor’s prescription. Examples of these drugs include:
- atropine (Atropen)
- belladonna alkaloids
- benztropine mesylate (Cogentin)
- cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl)
- darifenacin (Enablex)
- fesoterodine (Toviaz)
- flavoxate (Urispas)
- homatropine hydrobromide
- hyoscyamine (Levsinex)
- ipratropium (Atrovent)
- oxybutynin (Ditropan XL)
- propantheline (Pro-banthine)
- solifenacin (VESIcare)
- tiotropium (Spiriva)
- tolterodine (Detrol)
Though is classified as an antihistamine to be used in treatment for allergies and as a sleep aid, diphenhydramine (Benadryl) as well has anticholinergic effects.
Every each of these drugs functions to treat specific conditions. Your doctor will select the best drug for your condition.
Most of these anticholinergics are taken from trees of the deadly nightshade from family called Solanaceae. By setting fire on the roots, sterms, and fruits of these plants then brings the anticholinergics. Inhaling of the smoke has been made used of for hundreds of years to treat obstructions in airways disease
Functions of anticholingerics
Anticholinergics prevents acetylcholine from fastening to its receptors on possible nerve cells. They restrain actions called parasympathetic nerve impulses.
These nerve impulses are answerable for unintentional muscle movements in the:
- gastrointestinal tract
- urinary tract
- other parts of your body
The nerve impulses help control functions such as:
- mucus secretion
Preventing acetylcholine connections can decrease:
- Unintentional muscle movement
- mucus secretion
That’s why these drugs can cause undoubting side effects, such as:
- retaining urine
- having a dry mouth
Anticholinergics are used for medication of variety of conditions. These include:
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- overactive bladder and incontinence
- gastrointestinal disorders, such as diarrhea
- dizziness and motion sickness
poisoning caused by toxins such as organophosphates or muscarine, which is to be found in some insecticides and poisonous mushrooms
signs of Parkinson’s disease, such as abnormal unintentional muscle movement
Anticholinergics can also be used as muscle relaxants during surgery to assist with anesthesia. They help:
- keep the heartbeat normal
- relaxing of the person
- Lower saliva secretions
Some medical team recommend anticholinergics for off-label use to help lower excessive sweating. The anticholinergics used mostly for the treatment of:
- glycopyrrolate cream
- oxybutynin oral tablets
As you do many medication, anticholinergics come with various warnings.
Heat exhausting and heat stroke
Anticholinergics lower how much you sweat, which may change ur body tempreture it may rise. During medication be careful taking of these drugs, not to become overheated during:
- hot baths
- hot weather
Lowered heat can put you at risk of heat stroke.
Overdose and alcohol
Using too much of an anticholinergic drug can result in unconsciousness or even death. These effects can also happen if you take anticholinergics with alcohol. Signs of an overdose include:
- severe drowsiness
- severe hallucinations
- trouble breathing
- clumsiness and slurred speech
- fast heartbeat
flushing and warmth of the skin
thinking you have much taken or someone you know already taken too much of this drugs, try reach a doctor or get guidlines from the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 1-800-222-1222 or get through to them on their online tool.
If the you get signs are worst, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency center right away.
Conditional conflict on Anticholinergics
Anticholinergics is used to treat many medical challenging conditions, but they aren’t for everyone. For example, these medicine are not usually recommended for older people.
Anticholinergics causes things such as confusion, memory loss, and worsening mental function in people whom are old than 65 years. In fact, current studies have connections use of anticholinergics with high risk of dementia.
Also, people with the following conditions shouldn’t use anticholinergics:
- myasthenia gravis
- enlarged prostate
- hypertension (high blood pressure)
- urinary tract blockage
- increased heart rate (tachycardia)
- heart failure
- severe dry mouth
- hiatal hernia
- Down syndrome
Tell your doctor if you have any of these conditions Also, tell your doctor if you have a history of allergies to anticholinergics.
Negetive or positive Effects of anticholingergics
Even after proper usage of these drugs, side effects may happen. The certain side effects of anticholinergics depend on the drug recommended and dosage you take.
Side effects can include:
- dry mouth
- blurry vision
- memory problems
- trouble urinating
- Lowered sweating
- Lowered saliva
Long time use of anticholinergics, and also use of these medicine in older people, has been connected with an increament risk of dementia. If you’ve been recommended one of these drugs and have concerns about this risk, be sure to talk to your doctor.
AnticholinergicsAnticholinergics is use to treat a various of conditions. If you think one of these drugs could help you, complain to your medical team.
It is at the descreation of your doctor to determine if treatment with an anticholinergic would be a good for you. Your doctor can answer any questions you have about:
- side effects
- what to expect with treatment
Anticholinergic drugs prevents the action of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine. This restrain nerve impulses responsible for unintentional muscle movements and various bodily reactions .
These drugs can help treat a various of conditions, from overactive bladder to chronic obstructive