Know more about your blood pressure

high blood pressure. So  what really does that mean by having a high blood pressure?

Whenever  your doctor checks your pressure, it is expressed as a measurement with dual numbers, with one numbers above (systolic) and one on the under (diastolic), like a fraction. For example, 120/80 mm Hg.

above number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries when the contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure.

The  below  number are likened  to when  your blood pressure  heart muscle is between beats. This is known as Diastolic pressure.
In determining your state of heart beat and its healthy state the  numbers are very necessary .
Numbers greater than the ideal range shows  that your heart is working too hard to pump blood to the relax of your body.

 

What’s  normal reading of blood pressure?

For a normal reading of  pressure, your blood pressure needs to read  a numerical numbers (systolic pressure) that’s in between 90 and less than 120 and a denominator number (diastolic pressure) that’s in between 60 and less than 80. The American Heart Association (AHA) stated that the  blood pressure to be within the normal range when the both your systolic and diastolic numbers are in these ranges.

Blood pressure readings are suggested to be  in millimeters of mercury. This unit is shortened as mm Hg. A normal reading might  be any blood pressure below 120/80 mm Hg and above 90/60 mm Hg in an adult.

If you’re in the good  health condition, no treatment intervention is needed. However, you should always take care of yourself and mind how healthy luxury  lifestyle and healthy weight to help preventing  hypertension from growing. Steady exercise and healthy food  can also be  of help. You might  need to be even more aware of your lifestyle if hypertension runs in your family.

Elevated blood pressure

Numbers greater than 120/80 mm Hg are a red flag that you need to go through  a heart healthy habits.
When your systolic pressure is between the range of  120 and 129 mm Hg and your diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg, it means you have elevated blood pressures.
Although these range of numeric  are not medically regarded as high blood pressures, but it will be said that you have shifted  out of the normal range. The Elevated  pressure has a  chance of resulting into actual high blood pressure, which adds  you at an increased risk of heart diseases and stroke.
No medications are important for elevated blood pressure. But in  this phase  it is mostly important to adopt healthier lifestyle choices. An all round combination of  diet( balanced diet) and long term exercise can help lower your blood pressure to a  normal healthy range and help stop elevated blood pressures from developing into full-fledged hypertension.

Hypertension: Stage 1

You will automatically be diagnosed with high blood pressures   if  your systolic blood pressure ranges from 130 and 139 mm Hg, or if your diastolic blood pressure ranges from 80 and 89 mm Hg. This is considered stage 1 hypertension.
However, the AHA notes that if you get only one reading this high, you may not truly have high blood pressure. What determines the diagnosis of hypertension at any stage is the average of your numbers over a period of time.

Your doctor can check your  pressure and know  your pressure to verify whether it’s too high. You may need to start taking drugs if your blood pressures doesn’t improve after one month of following a healthy lifestyle, especially if you’re already at high risk for heart disease. If you’re at lower risk, your doctor may want to follow up in three to six months after you’ve adopted more healthy habits.
If you’re 65 years or older and otherwise healthy, your doctor will likely recommend treatment and lifestyle changes once your systolic blood pressures is greater than 130 mm Hg. The treatment for adults 65 and older who have significant health problems should be made on a case-by-case basis.
Treating high blood pressure in older adults appears to decrease memory problems and dementia.

Hypertension: Stage 2

Stage 2 high blood pressure shows that  even more serious condition. If your blood pressure reading shows a higher number of 140 or more, or a bottom number of 90 or more, it’s regarded as  stage 2 hypertension.

this stage, your doctor will consider one or more drugs for keeping your blood pressure under control. But you shouldn’t rely solely on medications to treat hypertension. Lifestyle habits are just as important in stage 2 as they are in the other stages.
Some medications that can complement a healthy lifestyle include:

ACE inhibitors to block substances that tighten blood vessels

alpha-blockers used for relaxing arteries

beta-blockers to decrease heart rate and block substances that tighten blood vessels

calcium channel blockers to relax blood vessels and decrease the work of the heart

diuretics to decrease the amount of fluid in your body, including your blood vessels

Danger zone

A blood pressures reading above 180/120 mm Hg indicates a serious health problem. The AHA refers to these high measurements as a “hypertensive crisis.” Blood pressure in this range requires urgent treatment even if there are no accompanying symptoms.
You should seek emergency treatment if you have blood pressure in this range, which may accompany symptoms such as:

  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • visual changes

symptoms of stroke, such as paralysis or a loss of muscle control in the face or an extremity

  • blood in your urine
  • dizziness
  • headache

However, sometimes a high reading can occur temporarily and then your numbers will return to normal. If your  pressure measures at this level, your doctor will likely take a second reading after a few minutes have passed. A second high reading indicates that you’ll need treatment either as soon as possible or immediately depending on whether or not you have any of the symptoms described above.

Preventive measures

Even if you have healthy numbers, you should take preventive measures to keep your blood pressure in the normal range. This can help you lower your risk of developing hypertension, heart disease, and stroke.

As you age, prevention becomes even more important. Systolic pressure tends to creep up once you’re older than 50, and it’s far more importantTrusted Source in predicting the risk of coronary heart disease and other conditions. Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease, may also play a role. Talk to your doctor about how you can manage your overall health to help prevent the onset of hypertension.
The following preventive measures can help lower or stave off high blood pressure:

Reducing sodium intake

Reduce your sodium intake. Some people are sensitive to the effects of sodium. These individuals shouldn’t consume more than 2,300 mg per day. Adults who already have hypertension may need to limit their sodium intake to 1,500 mg per day.
It’s best to start by not adding salt to your foods, which would increase your overall sodium intake. Limit processed foods as well. Many of these foods are low in nutritional value while also high in fat and sodium.

Reducing caffeine intake cause of blood pressure

Reduce your caffeine intake. Talk to your doctor to see if caffeine sensitivity plays a role in your blood pressure readings.

Exercising

Exercise more often. Consistency is key in maintaining a healthy blood pressure reading. It’s better to exercise 30 minutes every day rather than a few hours only on the weekends. Try this gentle yoga routine to lower your blood pressure.

Maintaining a healthy weight

If you’re already at a healthy weight, maintain it. Or lose weight if necessary. If overweight, losing even 5 to 10 poundscan make an impact on your blood pressure readings.

Managing stress

Manage your stress levels. Moderate exercise, yoga, or even 10-minute meditation sessions can help. Check out these 10 simple ways to relieve your stress.

Reducing alcohol intake and quitting smoking

Reduce your alcohol intake. Depending on your situation, you may need to stop drinking altogether. It’s also important to quit or refrain from smoking. Smoking is incredibly harmful to your heart health.

Blood pressure that’s too low

Low blood pressures is known ashypotension. In adults, a blood pressure reading of 90/60 mm Hg or below is often considered hypotension. This can be dangerous because blood pressures that is too low doesn’t supply your body and heart with enough oxygenated blood.
Some potential causes of hypotension can include:

  • heart problems
  • dehydration
  • pregnancy
  • blood loss
  • severe infection (septicemia)
  • anaphylaxis
  • malnutrition
  • endocrine problems
  • certain medications

Hypotension is usually accompanied by lightheadedness or dizziness. Talk to your doctor to find out the cause of your low blood pressure and what you can do to raise it.

Takeaway

Keeping your blood pressures in the normal range is crucial in preventing complications, such as heart disease and stroke. A combination of healthy lifestyle habits and medications can help lower your blood pressures. If you’re overweight, weight loss is also important in keeping your numbers down.

Remember that a single blood pressure reading doesn’t necessarily classify your health. An average of blood pressures readings taken over time is the most accurate. That’s why it’s often ideal to have your blood pressures taken by a healthcare professional at least once a year.